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  • Writer's pictureCristina Mittermeier

Adorned Expressions

Explore the interconnectedness of human imagination through self-expression across the globe.

As the autumn leaves drift to the earth and the days grow shorter, we stand on the threshold of a season filled with enchantment, mystery, and cultural connections that traverse continents and transcend time. Throughout my years of travel, there has always been a lingering presence in many places I visit: facial coverings. Masks, headpieces, and face paint; seemingly ordinary things, have held a remarkable position throughout human history and across myriad cultures.

Whether acting as portals that transcend the boundaries between the living and the departed or guardians of faith that protect our loved ones, aesthetics, showcasing many avenues of human creativity, these cultural objects possess a world of wonder, uniting the human experience through our shared fascination with the otherworldly. Here some of my favorites from around the world. Images that illuminate how, despite differences that span oceans and time, the depth of human imagination and the celebration of beauty is something we all have in common.


In the lush landscape of Papua New Guinea, diverse indigenous tribes create masks that become vessels for ancestral spirits and representations of their people. I recently returned from a trip to the Western highlands of Papua New Guinea, steeped in thousands of years of culture with just as many tribes to match.

The Asaro Mudmen, known for their haunting clay masks, exemplify this mystical tradition. When these masks are donned, they symbolize a profound connection to the spirits of the past, imbuing wearers with their wisdom and protection.

The Asaro people dig into the rich mud of the Asaro River, creating and donning these masks to hide them from their enemies both in the physical and spirit world.

The Huli Wigmen, their faces painted with yellow and red clay, while a ceremonial wig fashioned from human hair sits atop their head. The feathers of an iridescent blue Superb bird of Paradise, the crowning jewel of the headpiece; from just a glance, you can see hours of meticulous labour have gone into the creation of such resplendent regalia.

Her headdress as vibrant and intricate as the heritage and traditions of her tribe. I could imagine how many hours she must have spent creating her beautiful ensemble with the help of her family members.

The Skeleton tribe of Mindima spends hours meticulously painting bones on one another to reenact ghost stories. I could spend a day and a night prattling on about the variety of intricately crafted adornments worn throughout Papua New Guinea and still not have even scratched the surface of the depths of creativity and history behind it.


In the vast expanse of Ethiopia's Omo Valley, an intricate tapestry of indigenous tribes has carried forward practices of self-adornment. From the painted faces and elaborate headdresses of the Suri tribe to the mud-caked bodies of the Karo people, the landscape is their wardrobe, and their aesthetics stem from the earth itself.

These Suri sisters adorn themselves with the fruits and leaves of native flora, steeped in the natural beauty of their home.

A Karo man, covered in mud, striped like a zebra, returns from a day of herding livestock


On the shores of the Xingu River, the Kayapo people paint one another in markings which readily identify their social standing in the tribe from just a glance. They spend hours with one another, painting away, exposing an individual's relationship with nature to one another and themselves.


The traditional headdresses of the Tsleil-Waututh people are not only symbols of cultural identity but also expressions of their deep connection to their ancestral lands and the natural world. These headdresses are typically made from a combination of natural materials found in the region, including cedar bark, eagle feathers, and various animal hides.

Will George dons a traditional Tsleil-Waututh headdress; just one example of how Indigenous cultures express their identity and connection to their ancestral lands through art and adornment

These practices from various corners of the globe share a common thread—the depth of human connection. Whether in the Omo Valley of Ethiopia, the jungles of the Amazon, or the highlands of Papua New Guinea, these customs illustrate the shared human fascination with self-expression and a connection to the past. They are a testament to our enduring curiosity and a testament to the intangible thread that connects us all to one another.


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